The College of Optometrists

Key information to gather and tests to carry out

A73
You should:
  1. find out and record the specific history of conditions which might predispose the child to visual problems, such as family history of refractive error, amblyopia or squint; a difficult birth; abnormal or delayed development
  2. have a range of tests to assess the child’s monocular vision and visual acuity, based on the age and ability of the child
  3. assess ocular muscle balance, using objective and, when feasible, subjective methods
  4. assess stereopsis. Having good stereopsis may indicate the child does not have significant anisometropia, amblyopia or squint
  5. assess near vision
  6. assess refractive error, often only possible by objective means in young children. Where necessary use cycloplegic drops to obtain an accurate result
  7. assess accommodation, often only possible by objective means in young children
  8. assess the health of their eyes. In young children a good view of the fundus may be difficult to obtain, but you should attempt to determine normal ocular development. At the very least, you should obtain a clear view of the ocular media, disc and macula
  9. screen colour vision where relevant, and
  10. if you are not confident in your results, or the examination was problematic, arrange to see the child again after a short interval or consult a colleague with more experience.

Winner of Memcom 2016 award for best microsite

Tel: +44 (0) 20 7839 6000

Email: info@college-optometrists.org

Web: www.college-optometrists.org

Website developed by NetXtra