The College of Optometrists

Ocular and health conditions of patients with learning disabilities

Patients with learning disabilities can have the same range of visual problems as the general population. It has been estimated that people with learning disabilities are ten times more likely to have specific ocular conditions,28  including:
  1. amblyopia
  2. blepharitis – common in people with Down’s syndrome
  3. cataract
  4. concomitant strabismus
  5. cortical visual impairment
  6. entropion – common in people with Down’s syndrome
  7. field defects
  8. high refractive error – especially myopia and astigmatism
  9. impaired accommodation
  10. keratoconus
  11. nystagmus
  12. reduced vision.
Some people with learning disabilities may also have a wider range of health problems than the general population and may have other disabilities, including hearing impairment.

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