Ocular conditions of patients with autism
- In contrast to many other developmental conditions, people with autism should be expected to have good visual acuity. If you find reduced visual acuity54 you should investigate it further. Children and young people with autism are more likely to have refractive errors with an astigmatic component,55 strabismus and poor accommodative function.56 You should therefore explore accommodative function when providing eyecare.
54 Anketell PM, Saunders KJ, Gallagher SM et al. (2015) Brief Report: Vision in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: What Should Clinicians Expect? J Autism Dev Disord. 45(9):3041-3047 [Accessed 18 Nov 2020]
55 Anketell PM, Saunders KJ, Gallagher S et al. (2016) Profile of refractive errors in European Caucasian children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder; increased prevalence and magnitude of astigmatism.Ophthalmic Physiol Opt; 36:395– 03. doi: 10.1111/opo.12286 [Accessed 18 Nov 2020]
56 Anketell PM, Saunders KJ, Gallagher SM et al (2018) Accommodative Function in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Optometry and Vision Science: March 2018, 95(3):193–201. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001190 [Accessed 18 Nov 2020]