- You should be familiar with signs and symptoms of primary open angle glaucoma including that around 40% of patients with glaucoma have IOP below 21mmHg.65
Assessment of the central visual field may provide useful diagnostic information and complement the examination of the optic nerve head. Visual field findings should fit with optic disc findings. For example, if examination shows an inferior optic disc notch, you would expect to see a superior field defect.
- Visual field examination may sometimes produce anomalous results; however, you should not underestimate the usefulness of baseline measures and ongoing comparisons.
- Patients with raised IOP are at increased risk of developing glaucoma. Where pressures are borderline, you should repeat the test, noting the time of day of each test. NICE recommends66 that patients whose IOP by applanation tonometry is 24mmHg or higher should be:
- formally diagnosed with ocular hypertension by a healthcare practitioner who has appropriate training or qualifications, and
- treated, as they are at greater risk of developing glaucoma
SIGN recommends that patients with IOP >25mmHg may be considered for referral to the HES.