The College of Optometrists

Annex 2 Ophthalmic abbreviations

Previous section Next section

Sub-sections

Eye examination terms

AC

Anterior chamber

L/R

L hyperphoria

AC 4/4

grade 4 Anterior chamber angle

LSOT

Left esotropia

AC 3/4

grade 3 Anterior chamber angle

LVA

Low vision aid

AC 2/4

grade 2 Anterior chamber angle

MDU

Mallett distance unit

AC 1/4

grade 1 Anterior  chamber angle

MNU

Mallett near unit

AC 0/4

grade 0 Anterior chamber angle (closed)

M.Wing

Maddox Wing

AC/A

Accommodative convergence/ accommodation ratio

MR

Maddox Rod

Acc

Accommodation

NCT

Non-contact tonometer

Ad

Advised

ND

Neutral density filter

Add

Addition

NPL

No perception of light

AIT

After-image transfer

NPC

Near point of convergence or no previous correction

ALT

Alternating

NRC

Normal retinal correspondence

ALT SOT

Alternating esotropia

NV

Near vision

ALT XOT

Alternating exotropia

NWT

Normal wearing time

ARC

Anomalous retinal correspondence

o symptoms

Zero symptoms

A/V

Arteriole/Venue ratio

horizontal orthophoria symbol

Horizontal orthophoria

BE

Both eyes

Vertical orthophoria symbol

Vertical orthophoria

BIO

Binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy

Horizontal & vertical orthophoria

Horizontal & vertical orthophoria

BSV

Binocular single vision

OCs

Optical centres

BV

Binocular vision

Occ.

Occupation

BVD

Back vertex distance

OH

Ocular history

BVP

Back vertex power

OMB

Oculo motor or muscle balance

CD

Centration distance

ONH

Optic nerve head

C/D

Cup/disc ratio

Oph

Ophthalmoscopy

CF

Count fingers vision – state distance

PD

Pupillary distance

CT

Cover test

PERRLA

Pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation

c/u

Check-up

PH

Pinhole

CW

Close work

PL

Perception of light

Prism dioptre symbol

Prism dioptre

POH

Previous ocular history

D

Dioptres

PPA

Peripapillary atrophy

DC

Dioptres cylinder

Px

Patient

DNA

Did not attend

RAPD

Relative afferent pupillary defect

DOB

Date of birth

RE

Right eye

DS

Dioptres sphere

Ret.

Retinoscopy

DV

Distance vision

RHyperT

Right Hypertropia

DVD

Dissociated vertical divergence

RHypoT

Right Hypotropia

EF

Eccentric fixation

RNFL

Retinal nerve fibre layer

Ext

External (eye)

RPE

Retinal pigment epithelium

FB

Foreign body

RSOT

Right Esotropia

FD

Fixation disparity

Rx

Prescription

FF

Foveal fixation

SLE

Slit lamp examination

FOH

Family ocular history

SLM

Slit lamp microscope

F/U

Follow up appointment

SOP/ESOP

Esophoria

GH

General health

SOT/ESOT

Esotropia

G(M)P

General (medical) practitioner

Supp.

Suppression

HA

Headaches

V

Vision (unaided)

HARC

Harmonious abnormal retinal correspondence

VA

Visual acuity (corrected)

HM

Hand motion vision – state distance

VAL

Left visual acuity

Hx

History

VAR

Right visual acuity

IOL

Intra-ocular lens implant

VDU

Visual display unit

IOP

Intra-ocular pressure

VF

Visual field

ISNT

Inferior, Superior, Nasal, Temporal (rule used to assess optic disc appearance)

VPS

Variable prism stereoscope

K

Keratometry

WD

Working distance

LE

Left eye

X/12

X months

LHyperT

Left hypertropia

X/52

X weeks

LHypoT

Left hypotropia

X/7

X days

LOs

Lenticular opacities

XOP/EXOP

Exophoria

L/R FD

L/R fixation disparity

XOT/EXOT

Exotropia

NB: NAD is frequently used but is not recommended

 

Clinical condition terms

AMD/ARMD

Age related macular degeneration

MS

Multiple sclerosis

ACG/CAG

Angle closure glaucoma

NIDDM

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

BDR

Background diabetic retinopathy

NRR

Neuro retinal rim

BP

Blood pressure

NS

Nuclear sclerosis

BRAO

Branch retinal artery occlusion

NTG

Normal tension glaucoma

BRVO

Branch retinal vein occlusion

PDR

Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

CAG

Closed angle glaucoma

PDT

Photodynamic therapy

Cat

Cataract

PK

Penetrating keratoplasty

CLAPC

Contact lens associated papillary conjunctivitis

POAG

Primary open angle glaucoma

CLARE

Contact lens associated red eye

PPDR

Preproliferative diabetic retinopathy

CLPU

Contact lens associated peripheral ulcer

PRA

Pan retinal ablation

CNS

Central nervous system

PRK

Photorefractive keratectomy

CRAO

Central retinal artery occlusion

PRP

Pan retinal photocoagulation

CRVO

Central retinal vein occlusion

PSCC

Posterior sub-capsular cataract

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

PVD

Posterior vitreous detachment

DR

Diabetic retinopathy

RD

Retinal detachment

ESR

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate

RK

Radial keratotomy

GPC

Giant papillary conjunctivitis

RP

Retinitis Pigmentosa

IDDM

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

SEAL

Superior epithelial arcuate lesion

IRMA

Intra-retinal microvascular abnormality

SLK

Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis

KCS

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

SPK

Superficial punctate keratitis

KP

Keratic precipitates

SPEE

Superficial punctate epithelial erosions

LASEK

Laser epithelial keratomileusis

TIA

Transient ischaemic attack

LASIK

Laser in situ keratomileusis

T1 diab

Type 1 diabetes

LTG

Low tension glaucoma

T2 diab

Type 2 diabetes

MI

Myocardial infarction

   

Contact lens terms

BC

Base curve

OS/OD

Overall size/overall diameter

BOZD

Back optic zone diameter

OZD

Optic zone diameter

BOZR

Back optic zone radius

PMMA

Polymethyl methacrylate

BVP

Back vertex power

RGP

Rigid gas permeable

CLAPC

Contact lens associated papillary conjunctivitis

SCL

Soft contact lens

CLARE

Contact lens associated red eye

SiH

Silicone hydrogel

CLPU

Contact lens associated peripheral ulcer

SEAL

Superior epithelial arcuate lesion

Dk

Unit of permeability

SLK

Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis

DW

Daily wear

SPK

Superficial punctate keratitis

EW

Extended wear

SPEE

Superficial punctate epithelial erosions

FOZD

Front optic zone diameter

TBUT

Tear break up time

FVP

Front vertex power

Tc

Centre thickness

HEMA

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

Td

Total diameter

HT

Handling tint

Te

Edge thickness

HVID

Horizontal visible iris diameter

TWT/WTT

Today wearing time

K

Keratometry

VPA

Vertical palpebral aperture

MWT

Maximum wearing time

WT

Wearing time

Pharmacy and drug terms

A.d.

As directed

otc

Over the counter (bought medication)

b.d/b.i.d.

Twice a day

P

Pharmacy (drug)

GSL

General sales list

POM

Prescription only medicine

Gutt/g

Guttae (drops)

p.r.n.

When required

Meds

Medications

q.d.s./q.i.d.

Four times a day

Nocte

At night

Rx

Prescription

Occ

Ointment

t.d.s./t.i.d.

Three times a day

o.d

Once a day

   

Winner of Memcom 2016 award for best microsite

Tel: +44 (0) 20 7839 6000

Email: info@college-optometrists.org

Web: www.college-optometrists.org

Website developed by NetXtra